I AM WHO I AM
YAHWEH (THE LORD)
ABBA (DADDY, FATHER)
EL ELYON (GOD MOST HIGH)
EL ROI (THE GOD WHO SEES)
EL SHADDAI (GOD ALMIGHTY)
YAHWEH YIRED (THE LORD WILL PROVIDE)
YAHWEH NISSI (THE LORD IS MY BANNER)
YAHWEH RAPHA (HEALER, THE LORD WHO HEALS YOU)
YAHWEH SHALOM (THE LORD IS PEACE)
To me, God is Law. - maflor
Without guidance from God, law and order disappear, but God blesses everyone who obeys his Law. Proverbs 29:18
"I Am The Lord, that is My Name; My Glory I give to no other ", says The Lord (Isa. 42:8).
I AM WHO I AM - Exodus 3:14, John 8:58
7 Names of God that, once written, cannot be erased because of their holiness
10 Names of God and What They Mean for Life Today
15 More Names of God & Jesus in Scripture
16 Names of God in the Old Testaments
The Bible uses different names of God to convey specific, personal meaning and identity.
There's great power in a name. It says who we are; it's what we are known by to all those around us.
And there's nothing so powerful as the name of our Lord God.
The Bible says the Lord's name is like a strong tower; the righteous can run to it and be saved.
In a world that often feels chaotic and fear-filled, His name is the one to hold close.
God's character, God's name remains the same through all generations.
He is fully trustworthy, always powerful, forever loving, and constantly present with us.
Studying what God’s Word says about all that He is can help us to understand his very nature and character even more. If you need some extra reassurance today, find hope in His powerful name.
He is the God of miracles, and nothing is impossible for Him.
He split the seas and delivered His people straight through, away from all their enemies.
He offered His protection through desert days and lovingly led them in the wilderness to the promised land.
He provided a way for us to be saved through His Son Jesus Christ, and He gave us His Spirit to help us today.
Don't believe the lie that God is distant, too busy,
that He doesn’t care about you,
or that He is just waiting for you to mess up so he can tell you all you've done wrong.
That's not whom his name says He is.
We hold the promise that His love is everlasting,
His mercies are new every morning, and
His faithfulness is great.
Jesus told us to “love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, and strength…”
A good way to walk that out daily is to know God’s very character through the power of His name.
Pray for these truths back to Him, focus on one each day, or write them down in a place where you can be constantly reminded of His awesome presence in your life.
YAHWEH - The Most Powerful Name of God
ADONAI has a similar context and refers to God as a powerful ruler. Similarly, El Shaddai, derived from "shad," i.e., Lord, also points to the power of God. Yahweh is the Old Testament's principal name by which God reveals himself and is the most sacred, distinctive, and incommunicable name of God.
"Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh Asher" meaning "I am That I am That."
"That" and "Ehyeh" became "Yahweh".
Yahweh (Yah) is salvation (Shua). (Yahshua)
YHWH or YWHW. · Tellegrammized by the Greeks, the name Jehovah (Exodus 6:2) points to the nature of God, much like God's other names do. Jehovah is a pronunciation of the Hebrew consonants of YHWH (the sacred Name of the God of Israel revealed in the Hebrew Bible) and the vowels of Adonai.
The seven (7) names of God that, once written, cannot be erased because of their holiness are the
Tetragrammaton, YHWH (as 4 Hebrew consonants)
El Shaddai, and
JEHOVAH - Why was the name Jehovah removed from the Bible?
The Masoretes, who from about the 6th to the 10th century worked to reproduce the Hebrew Bible's original text, replaced the vowels of the name YHWH with the vowel signs of the Hebrew words Adonai or Elohim. ... Thus, the Tetragrammaton became the artificial Latinized name Jehovah (JeHoWaH).
In the Bishop's Bible (1568), the word Jehovah occurs in Exodus 6:3 and Psalm 83:18. The Authorized King James Version (1611) renders Jehovah in Exodus 6:3, Psalm 83:18, Isaiah 12:2, Isaiah 26:4, and three times in compound place names at Genesis 22:14, Exodus 17:15 and Judges 6:24.
10 NAMES OF GOD – and What They Mean for Life Today:
Elohim means “God” – This name refers to God’s incredible power and might. He is the One and only God.
He is Supreme, the true God in a world that promotes many false gods and religions. He is the one on whom we can fully rely; He is Sovereign. He is the one we can completely trust. He is the Mighty One over all of nature, this world, and the heavens above, our creative God who has worked wonders by His hands. God reminds us that He is Elohim every single day. His amazing power is at work in every sunrise, every sunset, in the way He holds the stars in the sky and carries His people through difficult times. You can be assured, an Almighty God holds you. You never have to fear; God’s hands are strong and secure.
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 1:1
“The heavens are telling of the glory of God, And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.” Psalm 19:1
Elohim occurs more than 2,250 times in the Bible. Elohim [yihl\a] (God), a plural of Eloah [; H/l\a], occurs more than 2 250 times, sometimes with an addition such as "God of Abraham/Israel," but mostly it is free-standing. Next to Lord (Yahweh), Elohim is the major designation for God. Elohim refers to "deity" but comes virtually to be a name for the true God. Elohim sums up what is intended by "god" or the divine.
His actions also bespeak his power, enabling barren women such as Sarah and Rebecca to conceive (Genesis 18:10 Genesis 18:14; 25:21), bringing an oppressed people out of Egypt (Exodus 20:2), and with power raising Jesus Christ from the dead (Rom 1:1-4).
Believers, Peter writes, are "shielded by God's power" (1 Peter 1:5). In the name, Elohim is full of divine power.
Yahweh means “The Lord” – Yahweh is derived from the Hebrew word for “I AM,” it is the proper name of the divine person, coming from the verb which means to “exist,” “be.” When God told Moses to go to Pharaoh and lead the Israelites out of Egypt, Moses was scared. He needed reassurance; he needed to know God was bigger than this problem, that He would carry them through, that even if people didn’t listen to him, they would listen to the One who sent him. Because His name carried that much awe and honor, he said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you, and they ask me, “What is his name?” Then what shall I tell them?”
God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM".
This is what you are to say to the Israelites, “I AM sent me to you.” Exodus 3:13-14
God’s name, Yahweh, is one of authority. It holds great power and says to all who hear, “I AM the One, true God, follow me.” God is still the “Great I AM,” for He never changes. We can trust His loving leadership in our lives, just as Moses did. He calls us for his specific purposes, reminding us that He knows our way and has a plan.
YHWH, the tetragrammaton because of its four letters, is, strictly speaking, the only proper name for God. It is also the most frequent name, occurring in the Old Testament, 6,828 times (almost 700 times in the Psalms alone).
YAH is a shortened form that appears fifty (50) times in the Old Testament, including forty-three (43) occurrences in the Psalms, often in the admonition "HalleluJah" (lit. praise Jah).
English Bibles represent the name YHWH, by the title "Lord" (written in capitals to distinguish it from "lord").
In the postexilic period, the Jews, for reverence reasons, did not pronounce the name but substituted for it the word Adonai (Lord), and in the written form attached these vowels to the tetragrammaton. The resulting misguided pronunciation of the name YHWH as a three-syllable word, Y [J]ehovah, continued in English Bible translations until early in the twentieth century. Evidence from Greek usage in the Christian era points to the two-syllable pronunciation, "Yahweh."
The theological significance that attaches to the name YHWH is multiple. Judging from the etymology, but more particularly from the context in which the name is disclosed (Exod 3:12, 14; 6:2-8), the name signifies "presence." God is "with, " he is near and among his people. This overtone of presence is reiterated in the naming of the wilderness structure as "tabernacle" and is the promised name Immanuel ("God with us", Isa 7:14; Matt 1:23).
Yahweh is present, accessible, near to those who call on him (Psalm 145:18) for deliverance (107:13), forgiveness (25:11), and guidance (31:3).
Yahweh is dynamically near, but as God (Elohim), he is also paradoxically transcendent.
YHWH - Old Testament (SAVIOR and SALVATION)
The name YHWH defines him as involved in the human struggle. Yahweh's name is forever tied, through the exodus event, with salvation and liberation (Exod 15:1-13; 20:2-3). The salvation promise given in Exodus 6:6-8 is an expansive one, including intimacy with God and blessings of abundance, but is decidedly bracketed first and last with "I am Yahweh." The name YHWH is prominent in salvation oracles (Zep 3:14-17) and petitions (Psalm 79:5, 9; 86:1). The salvation dimension of the name recurs in the announcement of the incarnation: the one born is to be called "Jesus" for (as an echo of the name yhwh) "he will save his people from their sins" (Matt 1:21). In the name YHWH, God's character as the savior of a people is revealed.
YHWH - Exodus (COVENANT Between God and Israelites)
Theologically the name of Yahweh resonates with the covenant, partly because in the explication of the name in Exodus 6:6-8, the covenant formula is invoked ("I will be your God and you will be my people"). The name YHWH is a name to which Israel can lay a particular claim. In covenant, matters such as justice (Isa 61:8) and holiness (Lev 19:2) have an extremely high profile.
The name YHWH is anything but empty. The name carries:
overtones of presence,
salvation defined as deliverance and blessing,
covenantal bondedness, and
ABBA means “Daddy, Father” – Abba is the most intimate form of God’s name, showing His character as our loving daddy. He is the One who can be fully trusted, the One we can lean on, the One who cares about all that concerns us. Just as a godly father’s presence in our daily lives is one of protection, security, and unconditional love, the constant presence of our heavenly Father is what gives us the strength and covering we need for this life’s journey. This is one of my favorite names of God because, in it, He conveys His heart for each of us as His children. He gives us the privilege of being called his own sons and daughters. He provides the way for us to call out to Him and the assurance, beyond a doubt, that He hears and will answer. In our most difficult to painful times in life, we can crawl up into the lap of our heavenly Father and know that He is for us, and His arms will hold us secure. “Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father." Galatians 4:6 Abba Father is the word for God in the Lord's Prayer (Luke 11:2). The epithet is strikingly frequent in John (108 times) and Matthew (forty times). The range of meanings includes those of authority and discipline and those of compassion, care, protection, and provision.
4. EL ELYON
EL ELYON Means “God Most High” – El Elyon is a name used through the Old Testament, revealing God is above all gods, that nothing in life is more sacred. He is indeed the Lord Most High, the One who reigns supreme. He is greater than any force of darkness in this world; He is bigger than any problem we might come up against in this life.
In daily life struggles and battles, we sometimes need to be reminded that God is still in control. He never will lose His power and might, though the world feels dark many days, He has conquered death and sin. He is Mighty. He is Lord. He is exalted overall.
“I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high.” Psalm 7:17
El Elyon derives from the root "go up," "ascent," so El Elyon may be thought of spatially as the highest. Closely linked to temple services, twenty of its forty-five occurrences are in the Psalter. Sometimes the compound is construed as a name: "It is good to make music to your name, O Most High" (Psalm 9:1).
El 'Elyon denotes exaltation and prerogative and belongs to "monarchical theology," for it speaks of absolute right to lordship. The same vein may be found in the question, "Who is like you?" (Psalm 35:10).
5. EL ROl
EL ROI means “The God Who Sees” – I love the kindness and care that this name holds as it points to God’s character.
He chases after us, who follows us with goodness. He is the one who sees us when we feel lonely, all on our own, or when we need the reminder that God is close. The name El Roi says to us that God is watching over all, that He sees people's affairs, and knows when we feel lost and unloved. When Hagar had run away to a desert place far from those she felt hurt and betrayed by, we see God surround her with so much grace and care. He didn’t leave her alone in her troubles. Nor will He leave us to fend for ourselves through difficult times. This story of God’s name reminds us that He is always close, that He sees us when we feel that no one else does and that He cares. “She gave this name to the LORD who spoke to her: "You are the God who sees me," for she said, "I have now seen the One who sees me." Genesis 16:13
EL ROI named by Hagar (Agar), Abraham's concubine and the mother of his son Ishmael. Purchased in Egypt, she served as a maid to Abraham's childless wife, Sarah, who gave her to Abraham to conceive an heir (Ishmael).
6. EL SHADDAI
El Shaddai means “God Almighty” – God’s name, El Shaddai, reminds us that He is all-powerful, He is the Mighty One,
He is the 9-1-1 (Psalm 91:1) to run to. And we can find refuge and rest in His shadow. This is comforting in a world where we face many battles day by day. Sometimes it’s hard to know whom we can trust; we may feel unsafe or uncertain in the circumstances surrounding us. We want to know that our loved ones are protected and covered in His care, especially when they’re away from us. This verse and God’s reminder that He is the Almighty gives us the security and assurance that nothing else around us can offer.
He is the God who sees all, knows all, and has the power to go before us, walk with us daily, and cover us from behind. Dwelling in God’s presence gives us shelter and rest. “Whoever dwells in the shelter of the Highest will rest in the shadow of the Almighty.” Psalm 91:1
To Abraham God appears as God Almighty, El Shaddai (Gen 17:1). The designation "Shaddai, " which some think is the oldest of the divine names in the Bible, occurs forty-eight times, thirty-one of which are in Job.
The traditional rendering "God Almighty" is debated. A consensus of sorts holds that "Shaddai" is to be traced, not to the Hebrew, but to an Accadian word that means "mountain" so that the expression produces a meaning like, "'El, One of the mountains." If so, El Shaddai highlights God's invincible power. Or, the name may point to his symbolic dwelling.
The juxtaposition of El Shaddai and El 'Elyon (Num 24:16; Psalm 91:1) may suggest that El Shaddai is a God who is chief in the heavenly council, whose residence was sometimes broadly associated with mountains (Hab 3:3). [Bakers Evangelical Dictionary]
7. YAHWEH YIREH
Yahweh Yireh means “The Lord Will Provide” – God will provide for our needs.
Every one of them, He is faithful, He is able, nothing is too difficult for Him.
Sometimes His timing is different from ours; maybe we feel that He’s forgotten and hasn’t heard our prayers.
Sometimes we get our “needs” and “wants” mixed up, and other times He knows what is better for us than we even know ourselves.
We can trust Him, that His timing is perfect, and that all things are possible for Him even when we can’t see a way out.
Abraham found this to be true. Alone with his son Isaac in the wilderness, He knew and trusted that God would provide for a sacrifice in place of his only child. He believed in God’s character and knew Him to be faithful, loving, and the God who will provide.
Often it seems, that God tests our hearts like He did Abraham’s that day.
He wants to know what we’re willing to lay down before Him before He opens the doors of provision and blessing.
May we be found faithful. “So Abraham called that place The Lord Will Provide. And to this day, it is said, “On the mountain of the Lord, it will be provided.” Genesis 22:14
GOD CAN DO MORE WITH LESS Our human nature is to always think we need more to do more but the story of Jesus feeding the 5000 shows us that God can do so much with so little! With only 5 loaves of bread and 2 fish, he fed 5000 people! His power is unmeasurable if you will just have faith and trust Him.
8. YAHWEH NISSI
Yahweh Nissi means “The Lord Is My Banner” – This is the name of God that proclaims His protection, leadership, and deliverance for His people.
Just as God brought divine protection for the Israelites against their enemy, the Amalekites, He offers us protection and deliverance today from the enemies we may face in this life.
While Joshua and the people fought against their enemy, Moses stood on top of a hill with God’s staff in his hands.
The Bible tells the story that even though Moses grew weary when his hands were lifted by those who supported him, the Israelites were winning, and when his hands were lowered, the Amalekites were winning. It was clear to all who gave them the victory that day.
Sometimes we spin our wheels trying to battle through our hard days in our own strength. We get weary, we get upset, we get angry, and we end up losing it. God’s reminder is to all Him to be our banner, our protector, that One that can lead us and give us supernatural victory against forces and obstacles that come against us.
If we allow Him to be in control, He will do more on our behalf than would ever be possible on our own. “Moses built an altar and called it The LORD is my Banner.” Exodus 17:15
9. JEHOVAH RAPHA
Jehovah Rapha means "Healer, the Lord who heals you" – This name brings so much comfort and hope to many of us who have prayed for healing and deliverance from disease, illness, brokenness, or painful circumstances.
It reminds us that God knows we require help, He understands we require healing, and He promises to redeem every broken place in our lives. He never leaves us on our own to fend for ourselves. Without Him, we couldn’t have hope for true freedom and healing.
Still, just as God brought miraculous deliverance from all types of diseases and difficulties throughout His word, He promises to act on behalf of His people today.
Sometimes the healing doesn’t come in the timetable or way that we would choose, which can be hard. But as believers, we still have this hope and assurance: we will live forever free in heaven, far away from the burdens we’ve carried here in this life.
Jesus promises to make all things new, and God will wipe away every tear. He (Jesus) said, "If you listen carefully to the LORD your God and do what is right in His eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you." - Exodus 15:26
10. YAHWEH SHALOM
Yahweh Shalom means “The Lord Is Peace” – God is the only One able to give us the peace that passes all of our own understanding. Gideon knew this well from a time that a fierce enemy surrounded him and his people. There was nothing about that time that seemed “peaceful.” And yet, God showed up strong on their behalf; he was faithful and brought deliverance straight through fear-filled days. Maybe that’s why Gideon felt so led to build an altar to the Lord and call it, “The Lord is Peace.” In times of greatest darkness, he had seen how true this was. The peace of God often doesn’t make sense to a world that would tell us to hurry and worry. A world that seems hard some days and often so full of struggles. In the midst of it all, He reminds us that He is our true peace, so we never need to fear. No matter what we face. “Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace.” Judges 6:24
15 More Names of God & Jesus in Scripture
"I Am" ~ Exodus 3:14, John 8:58 God said to Moses, “I am who I am.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I am has sent me to you.’” Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”
"Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace." ~ Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
"The Word" ~ John 1:1, John 1:14, In the beginning, was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
"Our Righteousness" ~ Jeremiah 23:6 In his days, Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: ‘The Lord is our righteousness.’
"Creator" ~ Genesis 1:1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.
"King of Kings, Lord of Lords" ~ Revelation 19:16 On his robe and his thigh, he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.
"Redeemer" ~ Isaiah 44:6, Isaiah 41:14 Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: “I am the first and I am the last; besides me, there is no god. Fear not, you worm Jacob, you men of Israel! I am the one who helps you, declares the Lord; your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel.
"Immanuel" ~ Matthew 1:23 “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel” (which means, God with us).
"Messiah" ~ John 1:41 He first found his own brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which means Christ).
The (16) Names of God in the Old Testament
El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
El Elyon (The Most High God)
Adonai (Lord, Master)
Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
El Olam (The Everlasting God)
Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)
"Let them praise the name of the LORD: for his name alone is excellent; his glory [is] above the earth and heaven." Psa 148:13
In the Old Testament times, a name was not only identification, but an identity as well.
Many times a special meaning was attached to the name.
Names had, among other purposes, an explanatory purpose (e.g., Nabal, whose name means "fool," is the target of Abigail's explanation to David: "For as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him:" - 1Sa 25:25).
Throughout Scripture, God reveals Himself to us through His names.
When we study these names that He reveals to us in the Bible, we will better understand who God really is.
The meanings behind God's names reveal the central personality and nature of the One who bears them.
WHO IS GOD TO YOU?
Is He your Most High God, All sufficient One, Master, Lord of Peace, the Lord Who Will Provide?
Is He your Father? We must be careful not to make God into an "it" or a "thing" to which we pray. He is our Jehovah Raah, the Lord our Shepherd.
God knows us by our name, shouldn't we know Him by His?
HALLOWED BE YOUR NAME
To hallow a thing is to make it holy or to set it apart to be exalted as being worthy of absolute devotion.
To hallow the name of God is to regard Him with complete devotion and loving admiration.
God's name is of the utmost importance (Neh 9:5); therefore we ought to reserve it a position of grave significance in our minds and hearts.
EL SHADDAI (LORD GOD ALMIGHTY)
All-Sufficient One, Lord God Almighty
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament El Shaddai occurs 7 times. El Shaddai is first used in Gen 17:1.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 2333
Strong's Reference: H7706
El Shaddai in the Septuagint: theou saddai - God Shaddai; pantokratôr (for Shaddai) - the Almighty
Meaning and Derivation: El is another name that is translated as "God" and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God's character. Another word much like Shaddai, and from which many believe it derived, is shad meaning "breast" in Hebrew (some other scholars believe that the name is derived from an Akkadian word Šadu, meaning "mountain," suggesting strength and power). This refers to God completely nourishing, satisfying, and supplying His people with all their needs as a mother would her child. Connected with the word for God, El, this denotes a God who freely gives nourishment and blessing, He is our sustainer.
EL ELYON (THE MOST HIGH GOD)
The Most High God
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament El Elyon occurs 28 times. It occurs 19 times in Psalms. El Elyon is first used in Gen 14:18.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 1624g, 1624h
Strong's Reference: H5945
El Elyon in the Septuagint: ho theos ho hupsistos - the God most high
Meaning and Derivation: El is another name that is translated as "God" and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God's character. Elyon literally means "Most High" and is used both adjectivally and substantivally throughout the Old Testament. It expresses the extreme sovereignty and majesty of God and His highest preeminence. When the two words are combined - El Elyon - it can be translated as "the most exalted God."(Psa 57:2)
ADONAI (LORD, MASTER)
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Adonai occurs 434 times. There are heavy uses of Adonai in Isaiah (e.g., Adonai Jehovah). It occurs 200 times in Ezekiel alone and appears 11 times in Daniel Chapter 9. Adonai is first used in Gen 15:2.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 27b
Strong's Reference: h136
Adonai in the Septuagint: kurios - Lord, Master
Meaning and Derivation: Adonai is the verbal parallel to Yahweh and Jehovah. Adonai is plural; the singular is adon. In reference to God the plural Adonai is used. When the singular adon is used, it usually refers to a human lord. Adon is used 215 times to refer to men. Occasionally in Scripture and predominantly in the Psalms, the singular adon is used to refer to God as well (cf. Exd 34:23). To avoid contravening the commandment "Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain" (Exd 20:7), sometimes Adonai was used as a substitute for Yahweh (YHWH). Adonai can be translated literally as, "my lords' " (both plural and possessive).
Further references of the name Adonai in the Old Testament: Complete list available here.
YAHWEH (LORD, JEHOVAH)
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Yahweh occurs 6,519 times. This name is used more than any other name of God. Yahweh is first used in Gen 2:4.
Variant spellings: YHWH, Jehovah
TWOT Reference: 484a
Strong's Reference: H3068
Yahwehin the Septuagint: kurios - Lord, Master
despotês - Lord, Master, denoting the omnipotence of God (TDNT), despot, absolute ruler
Meaning and Derivation: Yahweh is the promised name of God. This name of God which (by Jewish tradition) is too holy to voice, is actually spelled "YHWH" without vowels. YHWH is referred to as the Tetragrammaton (which simply means "the four letters"). YHWH comes from the Hebrew letters: Yud, Hay, Vav, Hay. While YHWH is first used in Genesis 2, God did not reveal Himself as YHWH until Exodus 3. The modern spelling as "Yahweh" includes vowels to assist in pronunciation. Many pronounce YHWH as "Yahweh" or "Jehovah." We no longer know for certain the exact pronunciation. During the third century A.D., the Jewish people stopped saying this name in fear of contravening the commandment "Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain" (Exd 20:7). As a result of this, Adonai is occasionally a substitute for YHWH. The following compound names which start with "YHWH" have been shown using "Jehovah." This is due to the common usage of "Jehovah" in the English of these compound names in the early English translations of the Bible (e.g., the Geneva Bible, the King James Version, etc.).
Further references of the name Yahweh in the Old Testament: Complete list available here.
JEHOVAH NISSI (THE LORD MY BANNER)
The Lord My Banner, The Lord My Miracle
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah-Nissi occurs only once in Exd 17:15.
Variant spellings: Jehovah Nisi; Jehovahnissi
TWOT Reference: None
Strong's Reference: H3071
Jehovah Nissi in the Septuagint: kurios kataphugê mou - the Lord is my refuge
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Nes (nês), from which Nissi derived, means "banner" in Hebrew. In Exd 17:15, Moses, recognizing that the Lord was Israel's banner under which they defeated the Amalekites, builds an altar named Jehovah-Nissi (the Lord our Banner). Nes is sometimes translated as a pole with an insignia attached. In battle opposing nations would fly their own flag on a pole at each of their respective front lines. This was to give their soldiers a feeling of hope and a focal point. This is what God is to us: a banner of encouragement to give us hope and a focal point.
Further references of the name Jehovah Nissi in the Old Testament: Exd 17:15
JEHOVAH-RAAH (THE LORD MY SHEPHERD)
The Lord My Shepherd
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah-Raah (The Lord my Shepherd) is used in Psalm 23.
Variant spellings: Jehovah Rohi; Jehovah Ro'eh
TWOT Reference: 2185, 2186
Strong's Reference: H7462
Jehovah-Raah in the Septuagint: kurios poimainei me - the Lord shepherds me
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Rô'eh from which Raah derived, means "shepherd" in Hebrew. A shepherd is one who feeds or leads his flock to pasture (Eze 34:11-15). An extend translation of this word, rea', is "friend" or "companion." This indicates the intimacy God desires between Himself and His people. When the two words are combined - Jehovah Raah - it can be translated as "The Lord my Friend."
JEHOVAH RAPHA (THE LORD WHO HEALS)
The Lord That Heals
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah-Rapha (The Lord that Heals) is used in Exd 15:26.
Variant spellings: Jehovah-Rophe; Jehovah Rophecha; Jehovah Raphah
TWOT Reference: 2196
Strong's Reference: H7495
Jehovah Rapha in the Septuagint: kurios ho iômenos se - the Lord your healer
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Rapha (râpâ') means "to restore", "to heal" or "to make healthful" in Hebrew. When the two words are combined - Jehovah Rapha - it can be translated as "Jehovah Who Heals." (cf. Jer 30:17; Jer 3:22; Isa 30:26; Isa 61:1; Psa 103:3). Jehovah is the Great Physician who heals the physical and emotional needs of His people.
Further references of the name Jehovah Rapha in the Old Testament: Exd 15:26
JEHOVAH SHAMMAH (THE LORD IS THERE)
The Lord Is There
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah Shammah occurs only once in Ezekiel 48:35.
Variant spellings: Jehovah Samma
TWOT Reference: None
Strong's Reference: H3074
Jehovah Shammah in the Septuagint: estai to onoma autês - the name thereof
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Shammah is derived from the Hebrew word sham, which can be translated as "there." Jehovah Shammah is a symbolic name for the earthly Jerusalem. The name indicates that God has not abandoned Jerusalem, leaving it in ruins, but that there will be a restoration.
Further references of the name Jehovah Shammah in the Old Testament: Eze 48:35
JEHOVAH TSIDKENU (THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS)
The Lord Our Righteousness
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah Tsidkenu occurs 2 times. Jehovah Tsidkenu is first used in Jer 23:6.
Variant spellings: Jehovah Tzidkaynu; Jehovah Tsidqenuw
TWOT Reference: None
Strong's Reference: H3072
Jehovah Tsidkenu in the Septuagint: kuriou tou theou hêmôn elalêsen pros hêmas - the Lord our God spoke to us
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Tsedek (tseh'-dek), from which Tsidkenu derived, means "to be stiff," "to be straight," or "righteous" in Hebrew. When the two words are combined - Jehovah Tsidkenu - it can be translated as "The Lord Who is our Righteousness."
JEHOVAH MEKODDISHKEM (THE LORD WHO SANCTIFIES YOU)
The Lord Who Sanctifies You, The Lord Who Makes Holy
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah Mekoddishkem occurs 2 times. Jehovah Mekoddishkem is first used in Exd 31:13.
Variant spellings: Jehovah M'kaddesh
TWOT Reference: 1990
Strong's Reference: H6942
Jehovah Mekoddishkem in the Septuagint: kurios ho hagiazôn humas - the Lord that sanctifies you
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Mekoddishkem derives from the Hebrew word qâdash meaning "sanctify," "holy," or "dedicate." Sanctification is the separation of an object or person to the dedication of the Holy. When the two words are combined - Jehovah Mekoddishkem - it can be translated as "The Lord who sets you apart."
EL OLAM (THE EVERLASTING GOD)
The Everlasting God, The God of Eternity, The God of the Universe, The God of Ancient Days
Use in the Bible: El Olam is first used in Gen 21:33.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 1631a
Strong's Reference: H5769
El Olamin the Septuagint: [ho] theos [ho] aiônios - the everlasting God
Meaning and Derivation: El is another name that is translated as "God" and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God's character. Olam derives from the root word 'lm (which means "eternity"). Olam literally means "forever," "eternity," or "everlasting". When the two words are combined - El Olam - it can be translated as "The Eternal God."
God, Judge, Creator
Use in the Bible: : In the Old Testament Elohim occurs over 2000 times. Elohim is first used in Gen 1:1.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 93c
Strong's Reference: H430
Elohim in the Septuagint: theos - the standard Greek word for god, "a transcendent being who exercises extraordinary control in human affairs or is responsible for bestowal of unusual benefits" (BDAG). It specifically refers to the monotheistic God of Israel.
Meaning and Derivation: Elohim is translated as "God." The derivation of the name Elohim is debatable to most scholars. Some believe it derived from 'êl which, in turn, originates from the root word, 'wl (which means "strong"). Others think that Elohim is derived from another two roots: 'lh (which means "god") in conjunction with 'elôah (which means "fear"). And still others presume that both 'êl and Elohim come from 'eloah.
Further references of the name Elohim in the Old Testament: Complete list available here.
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Qanna occurs 6 times. Qanna is first used in Exd 20:5.
Variant spellings: Kanna
TWOT Reference: 2038b
Strong's Reference: H7067
Qanna in the Septuagint: zêlôtês - jealous
Meaning and Derivation: Qanna is translated as "jealous," "zealous," or "envy." The fundamental meaning relates to a marriage relationship. God is depicted as Israel's husband; He is a jealous God, wanting all our praise for Himself and no one else. (cf. Exd 34:14)
JEHOVAH JIREH (THE LORD WILL PROVIDE)
The Lord Will Provide
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah-Jireh occurs only once in Gen 22:14.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: None
Strong's Reference: H3070
Jehovah Jireh in the Septuagint: kurios eiden - the Lord has seen
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Jehovah-Jireh is a symbolic name given to Mount Moriah by Abraham to memorialize the intercession of God in the sacrifice of Isaac by providing a substitute for the imminent sacrifice of his son.
Further references of the name Jehovah Jireh in the Old Testament: Gen 22:14
JEHOVAH SHALOM (THE LORD IS PEACE)
The Lord Is Peace
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Jehovah-Shalom occurs only once in Jdg 6:24.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: None
Strong's Reference: H3073
Jehovah-Shalom in the Septuagint: eirênê kuriou - peace of the Lord
Meaning and Derivation: Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Shalom is a derivative of shâlêm (which means "be complete" or "sound") Shalom is translated as "peace" or "absence from strife." Jehovah-Shalom is the name of an altar built by Gideon in Ophrah.
Further references of the name Jehovah-Shalom in the Old Testament: Jdg 6:24
JEHOVAH SABAOTH (THE LORD OF HOSTS)
(yeh-ho-vaw' se ba'ôt)
The Lord of Hosts, The Lord of Powers
Use in the Bible: Jehovah and Elohim occur with Sabaoth over 285 times. It is most frequently used in Jeremiah and Isaiah.
Jehovah Sabaoth is first used in 1Sa 1:3.
Variant spellings: None
TWOT Reference: 1865a, 1865b
Strong's Reference: H6635
Jehovah Sabaoth in the Septuagint: kurios sabaôth - the Lord of hosts (sabaôth: Gr. transliteration of Heb. "hosts")
Meaning and Derivation: Jehovah is translated as "The Existing One" or "Lord." The chief meaning of Jehovah is derived from the Hebrew word Havah meaning "to be" or "to exist." It also suggests "to become" or specifically "to become known" - this denotes a God who reveals Himself unceasingly. Sabaoth (se bâ'ôt) means "armies" or "hosts." Jehovah Sabaoth can be translated as "The Lord of Armies" (1Sa 1:3). This name denotes His universal sovereignty over every army, both spiritual and earthly. The Lord of Hosts is the king of all heaven and earth. (Psa 24:9-10; Psa 84:3; Isa 6:5).
Further references of the name Jehovah Sabaoth in the Old Testament: 1Sa 1:11; 1Sa 17:45; 2Sa 6:18; 2Sa 7:27; 1Ki 19:14; 2Ki 3:14; 1Ch 11:9; Psa 24:10; Psa 48:8; Psa 80:4; Psa 80:19; Psa 84:3; Isa 1:24; Isa 3:15; Isa 5:16; Isa 6:5; Isa 9:19; Isa 10:26; Isa 14:22; Jer 9:15; Jer 48:1; Hsa 12:5; Amo 3:13; Mic 4:4; Nah 3:5; Hag 2:6; Zec 1:3; Mal 1:6; Hab 2:13; Zep 2:9